Name: Nodding Bellflower (Tintilabunum spinea)
The Nodding Bellflower is a perennial plant, it grows to a height of 5 inches and attaches itself to a rocky surface with strong roots. The base of the plant is bulbous and has small thorns across the surface. From this bulbous base there are striped green leafless stems growing with a ball shaped flower at the end. This flower produces a sweet scenting nectar inside that attracts a small moth named: Bellflower moth.
The moth finds its way to the opening on top of the flower and crawls inside. Once inside it feeds on the nectar and can’t escape because of the slippery wall inside the flower. The plant benefits from the sound that the moth makes while fluttering about and transforms it into energy by means of phonosynthesis.
One plant can contain both male and female flowers, for pollination it also relies on the Bellflower moth. The female flower produces only one seed which attracts small hamster like rodents. They don’t eat the seed but collect it in their cheek pouch and hide it in a hole or crevice between the rocks to be collected later. When the seed is undisturbed for 12 hours it will germinate, and a new plant is starting to grow.
The Nodding Bellflower is found in and around an abandoned quary near the town of Winterswijk in the south east of the province Gelderland, the region known as “de Achterhoek”, close to the border of Germany.
Name: Bumblebee Sweetheart
Because the plant has not been very thoroughly researched, I can only give a description that has been made by amateur biologists. They named the plant unofficially ‘Bumblebee sweetheart’ because it attracts Bumblebees. This plant is not a Petunia but was commonly mistaken for one; therefore, its Latin name: Petunia Mimica.
Its height is approximately 2,5 inches. The single purple flower on top of the stem is for the collection of sound, it functions like a radio telescope. It attracts Bumblebees with a sweet scent that slightly intoxicates and confuses them, so they keep buzzing around the flower until the effect wares down. The buzzing sound is used by the plant to transform into energy.
The flower can also be positioned to receive sounds that come from further away by means of two large leaves on either side of the flower. How this exactly works has not been researched.
Below the larger flower on top, there are two smaller flowers positioned opposite on the stem. These flowers are either male or female. Pollination occurs through the help of a tiny moth named: the Eustacia Moth. This moth is equipped with a proboscis that can reach the nectar in the flower. While the moth feeds on the nectar, pollen will stick to its head and are thus transferred from one plant to the other.
On the bottom of the stem grows a circle of long thin leaves that give the plant support. The stem grows from a thick protuberance or tuber in the ground that forms the beginning of its root system. The roots or rhizomes of the plant sprout stolon’s that generate new shoots at the end. The rhizomes form small tubers for food storage.
The Bumblebee Sweetheart can be found in small neglected forest patches, neglected gardens, and abandoned industrial sites in “de Achterhoek”, a rural area in the Netherlands close to the German border.
This plant has been recently discovered and has yet to be scientifically classified. It has been mistaken for several plant species such as: a variety of Butterbur, a variety of Jeffersonia also known as ‘Twinleaf’ and even as a member of the Barberry family. However, this is truly an unknown species. Botanists have given it a provisional name that is based upon their struggle to classify this plant: Headache root.
Height of the plant from root to top is about 8 inches.
The root that is wide at the top, often divides downward into two or more pointed root tips.
From the root the firm plant stems grow, the colour is a combination of dark red and green. The plant has rounded fleshy leaves, always standing close together in pairs with another leaf of the same size. The leaves are showing a slight red glow. At the end of a stem that forms three flowering stems, grows a bunch of small flowers that are bright orange with a green heart. The flowers attract a special kind of butterfly, that as it turns out is an unknown species also.